Parco Nazionale dell'Arcipelago Toscano
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Create PDF Send to a friend Print Written by Redazione Parco    Monday, 16 February 2009 11:08



Giglio is the second largest island of the archipelago after Elba, with a surface area of 21.2 km2. One of the more southernly of the Tuscan islands, the island of Giglio is located approximately 15km West of Monte Argentario, 14km from the island of Giannutri and 43km from the island of Montecristo. The island has an elongated shape with its axis lying in the direction NNW – SSE stretching approximately 9km with a width of approximately 4km. There is a small chain of hills along the length of the island that culminates in Poggio della Pagana at a height of 496m above sea level.


The nature of the rocks is predominately granitic, the result of a magmatic pluton which originates approximately 5 million years ago, with a fragment of decisively older sedimentary and metamorphic rocks on the Franco promontory on the eastern side, where in the vicinity, iron deposits, which once used to be mined, can be found. The island flora is represented by typical Mediterranean vegetation with large areas of Mediterranean brush that covers ancient terraced vineyards and some holm oak forests that are to be found predominantly on the southern side of the island. As far as the fauna is concerned, there aren’t many animals present; some small rodents, the wild rabbit and the mouflon, that has been recently introduced. Of particular note is the presence of the Sardinian discoglosso, a shy and rare amphibian from the Sardinian-Corsican group. The avifauna is much more diverse with numerous local and migratory species.


The island of Giglio forms part of the Province of Grosetto and constitutes an independent town with a population of approximately 1400 inhabitants distributed throughout the small centers of Giglio Castello, the oldest and the capital, Giglio Porto, the local port, and the Campese faction close to the largest inlet and beach on the island.


Protected Areas

  • On land: less than half the territory (zone 2); included in the perimeter of the Park are also: le Scole, lo Scoglio del Corvo and the Island of Cappa, the territory of which is 100% protected (zone 2).

  • At sea: no area of the surrounding sea is protected.