Parco Nazionale dell'Arcipelago Toscano
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Create PDF Send to a friend Print Written by Redazione Parco    Monday, 16 February 2009 10:58

arcielb The third largest Italian island (22,350 hectares) with the longest axis running East-West from Punta Nera to Capo Pero being 27km; and North-South (from Capo Vita to Punta dei Ripalti) at 18km. Lying 10km from the coast of Piombino, 40km from Capraia and 50km from Corsica. Administratively divided into eight towns: Campo nell’Elba, Capoliveri, Marciana, Marciana Marina, Porto Azzurro, Portoferraio, Rio Marina, Rio nell’Elba, and forming part of the Province of Livorno.


The Island of Elba is the third largest Italian island and the largest of the Tuscan Archipelago with a surface area of 223.5km2 and 147km of coastline. The longest axis running East-West is approximately 27km long and the width, running North-South is approximately 18km. Located 10km south-west from the coast of the Piombino peninsula, the island is situated in the centre of the Tuscan Archipelago that forms a large arc in front of the Tuscan coast. Corsica lies approximately 50km west, Gorgona approximately 60km NNE, Capraia approximately 40km NW, Pianosa approximately 14km SSW, Montecristo 45km to the south and Giglio 52km to the SE.


The island has a roughly triangular shape, with an extremely articulated coastline that boasts numerous bays and promontories that cut and form the islands perimeter that stretches for 147km. The Elban territory is predominantly mountainous and hilly. The islands summit is located in the granitic mass in the west which culminates in Monte Capanne 1019m above sea level, though the central part of the island (Monte Orello 385m above sea level) and the east (Cima del Monte 516m above sea level) is also rather mountainous. There are few plains on the island and these are situated in proximity to the largest bays. The island landscape is extremely rich and varied in physical structures which contribute to the presence of numerous local microclimates which consequently produce a rich variety of flora. The geo-mineralogical gamut is also extremely rich on Elba and offers a huge variety of rocks and minerals, which have born witness to a series of complex geological events that formed the island. As far as fauna is concerned, due to the larger dimensions, variety of habitats and proximity to the continent, Elba boasts the richest fauna of the archipelago.
From an administrative point of view, Elba represents the southern-most territory of the Province of Livorno and is divided into eight towns (Campo nell'Elba, Capoliveri, Marciana, Marciana Marina, Porto Azzurro, Portoferraio, Rio Marina, Rio nell'Elba)

Inhabitants: 30,122 on 31/12/2000 of which 1/5 live in the urban centres as follows: 11,935 in Portoferraio, 4,362 in Campo nell’Elba, 3,383 in Porto Azzurro, 3,059 in Capoliveri, 2,273 in Rio Marina, 2,271 in Marciana, 1,894 in Marciana Marina and 945 in Rio nell’Elba.



Protected Areas

  • On land:  nearly 50% of the territory, including cliffs and the small islands of: Le Formiche della Zanca, L’Ogliera, lo Scoglio della Triglia, l’Isola Corbella, le Isole Gemini, l’Isolotto d’Ortano, l’Isola dei Topi e lo Scoglietto di Portoferraio (zone 2). The islands of Palmaiola and Cerboli in the Piombino Channel are also protected (zone 2).

    •  At sea: The Ministerial Decree of 10th August 1971 instituted a zone of biological protection in the canal, forming part of the town of Portoferraio in locality Le Ghiaie, including the area between Punta Falcone and Capo Bianco, and as far as Lo Scoglietto. In this part of the sea, any form of fishing is strictly forbidden, whether professional or for sport, except for fishing from the land and fishing for squids.